Kitturu/Kittur is a village in Belgaum District of Karnataka state. It was a part of Bailahongal taluk in Belgaum Dist. It was declared as an independent taluk on 23.10.2012 by Chief Minister of Karnataka on the inaugural of Kittur Utsav and it is 177th Taluk of Karnataka State. It is a place of historical importance because of the resistance of Rani Chennamma of Kitturu (1778–1829) against the British East India Company, during which a British Commissioner, John Thackery was killed.
Kitturu Rani Chennamma, born on 23 October (1778−1829) was the queen of the princely state of Kittur in Karnataka.She led an armed rebellion against the British East India Company in 1824. The resistance ended in her arrest by British and she is remembered as one of the earliest Indian rulers to have fought for independence.
In connection with a disputed succession to this chiefship in 1824, St John Thackeray, Commissioner of Dharwad, was killed in a battle when approaching the Kitturu fort. Later another unit stormed Kitturu and captured Queen Chennamma, who was imprisoned in Bailhongal Jail where she died. Rani Chennamma became a legend.
On the outskirts of the town lies the ruins of the palace within a fort. The palace was the residence of the Rani Chennamma.The archaeological museum at the location is managed by the state department of archaeology and museums. It has a rich collection of antiquities found in and around Kittur, which include a few of the weapons, swords, mail-coat, shield, engraved wooden doors and windows of the Kittur palace, inscriptions, herostones, Surya, Vishnu both from Kadrolli, Vishnu and Surya from Devarashigehalli, Subrahmanya from Manoli, Durga from hirebagewadi and many more antiquities, as well as some modern paintings.
Photos: Naveen- Belgaum
Information Courtesy: Wikipedia